0014. Andres Gamboa (1848-1933)

Andres Gamboa was the husband of Francisca Gamboa, his possible first cousin, and the father of all of her known children. There are no documents tying him conclusively to his parents, but he was probably the son of Luis Gamboa and Barbara Rodriguez. (See note 1 below.) According to his death certificate, Andres was born on 5 Jun 1848 in Meixco, possibly in San Fernando in Tamaulipas, where his possible siblings were also born, married, and  raised children. (See note 2 below.)

His only documented wife was Francisca Gamboa, but given that he was in his early 30s when they had their first child, it is likely that he had an earlier relationship. A previous wife may have been a woman named Candelaria Hernandez, who was known to have had two sons with an Andres Gamboa. Both were born just before the time when Francisca Gamboa began having children with her husband Andres and were probably also living on the same ranch. Other circumstantial evidence also supports the theory that it was the same man associated with both women. (See note 3 below.)

No marriage record has ever been found for Andres and Francisca, and they may never have officially married; but they remained together for decades and had at least 8 children. (See note 4 below.) They seem to have moved to the La Coma Ranch, just north of Edinburg, Texas, around the time of their first child, a daughter, Santos Gamboa was born in about 1881. Later, in the early 20th Century, they moved to Edinburg and lived out the rest of their lives. (See note 4 below.)

Andres seems to have been absent from the home of Francisca and her children in the 1910 census. (See note 5 below.) Whether the couple were separated during that time can probably never be determined, but he was definitely with her in Edinburg the 1930 census and presumably lived there until his death in 1933.


Possible children with Candelaria Hernandez


Luis Gamboa, b. 20 May 1876 in Rio Grande City, Starr County, TX, m. 1906 to Angela “Angelita” Vega in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 16 Jun 1956 in Alice, Jim Wells County, TX. Parents named in his death certificate. He had at least four children:

  • Isabel Gamboa, b. 1907-1909 in Texas, m. (1) 1922 to Guadalupe Alvarez in Hidalgo County, TX, m. (2) to Demetrio de Rubio, d. 18 May 1939 in Alice, Jim Wells County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Nazario Gamboa, b.c. 1910, m. to Guadalupe P., d. 01 Jan 1933 in Jim Wells County, TX. Parents and wife named in death certificate. Possibly the same as the unknown son above.
  • Albesa Gamboa, b.c. 1914 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. in 1932 to Manuel Rodriguez.
  • Jose Gamboa, b.c. 1916, d. 21 Apr 1978 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in death certificate. Was married at time of death.

Andres Gamboa, b.bef. 20 Apr 1880 in Reynosa, Tamps., m.bef. 1897 to Juanita Lopez. Parents named in christening record. He had at least two children:

  • Candelaria Gamboa, b. 8 Oct 1897 in Rio Bravo, Tamps., Mexico, m.bef. 1919 to Alberto Lucio, d. 2 Feb 1969 in McAllen, Hidalgo County, TX. Father named in death certificate.
  • Anastacio Gamboa, d. 16 Sep 1940 in McAllen, Hidalgo County, Texas. Run over by a train. Parents named in his death certificate. Was single.

Children of Andres Gamboa & Francisca Gamboa


In the the 1910 census, his wife Francisca reported having given birth to 9 children, with 8 still living. They were:

Santos Gamboa b. 01 April 1881, m. (1) 16 Nov 1898 to Paulino Serda in Hidalgo County, TX, m.(2) 1919 to Juan Garza in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 21 Jun 1973 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in her death certificate, as well as being well known to family members of this researcher. She had five or six children with her first husband, Paulino Serda:

  • Agueda Serda (possible), b.c 1899, d.aft. 1910.
  • Librado Serda, aka “Paulino”, b. 17 Aug 1904 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. 1923 to Maria Salazar in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 5 May 1981 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Andrea Serda, b. 10 Dec 1908 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. 31 Oct 1926 to Guadalupe Valenzuela in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 3 Feb 1971 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Estefana Serda, b. 15 Aug 1909 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. 1926 to Amador Salazar in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 6 Jul 1947 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Santos Serda, b.c. 1913 in Hidalgo County, TX, m.bef. 1941 to Trinedad “Trine” Garcia, d. 2002 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Eulalia Serda, aka “Lala”, b. 5 May 1914 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. to Luis Ortiz, d. 27 Mar 2008 in McAllen, Hidalgo County, TX.

She had three children with her second husband, Juan Garza:

  • Estella Garza, b.aft. 1919 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX, m. to Lionel Sanchez, d.aft. 1946.
  • Cipriana Garza, aka “Chann”, b. 30 May 1924 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 16 Feb 1934 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Francisca Garza, aka “Panchita”, b. 27 Jun 1926 in Edinburg, d. 30 Mar 1930 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.

Luis Gamboa b.c. 1887 in Texas, d. 22 Jan 1922 in Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in his death certificate. Never married.

Barbara Gamboa, aka “Barbarita,” b.c. April 1886 or 29 Jun 1888 in Texas, m.bef. 1908 to Juan Arrevalo, d. October 1984 in Hidalgo County, TX. She had at least eight children:

  • Jose Luis Arrevalo, b. 25 Aug 1908, d. 05 Dec 1976 in Ferris, Ellis County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Domingo Arrevalo, b. 04 Aug 1910 in Delfina, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 10 Aug 1910 in Delfina, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Estefana Arrevalo, b.c. 1913
  • Maria Arrevalo, b.c. 1915
  • Eduarda Arrevalo, b. 29 Oct 1916 in Delfina, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 18 Apr 1958 in Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Juan Arrevalo, b.c. 1923
  • Francisco Arrevalo, b.c. 1925
  • Jacinto Arrevalo, b. 19 Aug 1928 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX, d. 17 Jan 1967 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.

Francisco Gamboa, aka “Pancho”, b. 25 Mar 1890 at La Coma Ranch, Hidalgo County, TX, m.(1) bef. 1910 to a possible first wife, m.(2) 1910 to Demetria Patina in Hidalgo County, TX, m.(3) 1914 to Blasa Calvillo in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 13 Feb 1950 murdered at his dairy farm near Elsa, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in his death certificate, which also gives cause of death. His wives and children are not yet well known to me but he had at least one with Demetria Patina:

  • Demetria Gamboa, b.c. 1912 in Mission, Hidalgo County, TX, m.bef. 1930 to Ignacio Alvear, d.aft. 1941. She cared for her grandmother Francisca Gamboa diring the last years of her life and was the informant on her death certificate.

He had at least one child with his wife Blasa Calvillo:

  • Andres Gamboa, b.c. 1915 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. 1939 in Hidalgo County TX to Michaela Luna.

Estefana Gamboa b. 03 Apr or Aug 1893 in Texas, m. 1910 in Hidalgo County, TX to Arcadio Arrizola, d. 06 Jun 1986 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in her Social Security application. She had twelve known children:

  • Luis Arrizola, b.c. 1913 in Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Leonicio Arrizola, b. 20 Jul 1914 in Hidalgo County, TX, m.bef. 1939 to to Eugenia/Virginia Lopez, d. 23 Mar 1988 in Lubbock, TX.
  • G. Arrizola, b.c. 1817
  • Francisca Arrizola, b.c. 1918 in Texas, m. to Leonardo Ybanez, m.bef 1939 to Alfredo Garcia. (Order of husbands uncertain.)
  • Maria Anna Arrizola, b.c. 1919
  • Margarita Arrizola, b.c. 1920
  • Estella Arrizola, b. 27 Aug 1922 in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 24 Aug 2000 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Anita Arrizola, b.c. 1926 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. Tomas Ybanez, m. Enrique Rodriguez.
  • Frederico Arrizola, b. 23 Jul 1927 in Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Arcadio Arrizola, b. 4 Jun 1930 in Texas, d. 25 Jul 1960 in Hale County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Andres Arrizola, b. 1933 in Hidalgo County, TX, d. 10 Jul 1933 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in death certificate.
  • Enrique Arrizola

Francisca Gamboa b.c. Sep 1898 in Texas, m. (possible) to Teodoro Medina, her possible first cousin, d. 04 Sep 1923 in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named in her death certificate. If she had children, they are unknown to me.

Antonia Gamboa b. 10 May 1899 in Hidalgo County, TX, m. unknown Cavazos, d. 27 Jan 1975 in Bishop, Nueces County, Texas. Father named in her death certificate. Her only known daughter, “Mrs. Mary Sanchez,” was the informant.

  • Mary, m. unknown Sanchez.

Ynocensio “Rosendo” Gamboa b. 04 Jul 1904, m.(1) (possible) 1923 to Ruperta Dios in Hidalgo County, TX, m. (2) (possible) 1951 to Felia Garza in Hidalgo County, TX, d. (possible) 6 Aug 1996 in Hidalgo County, TX. An Ynocencio Gamboa was baptized in Reynosa on 14 Sep 1906, with the only parent listed as Francisca Gamboa. Possibly he is this person. Francisca would have been in her 50s when he was born; so it is possible that he was actually the child of one of the Gamboa daughters. Andres & Francisca’s granddaughter, Eulalia Serda Ortiz, reported that they had a son named Rosendo, and he seems to be the same person as Ynocensio. Ynocensio had two know children with his wife Ruperta Dios:

  • Eva Gamboa, b.c 1923 in Hidalgo County, TX.
  • Maria Gamboa, b.c. 1925 in Hidalgo County, TX.

Rosendo had one know child with his wife Felia Garza:

  • Rosendo Javier Gamboa, b. 26 Aug 1952 in Hidalgo County, TX.

Documents mentioning Andres Gamboa


1898Catholic marriage record of daughter Santos Gamboa in Rio Grande City, Starr County, Texas. Parents named.

1900U.S. Census listing as head of household in Hidalgo County, Texas.

1922Death certificate for son Luis Gamboa in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named.

1923Death certificate for daughter Francisca Gamboa in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named. Francisca, the mother, was the informant.

1930U.S. Census listing with wife only in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, Texas.

1942Social Security application of daughter Estefana Gamboa Arrizola in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named.

1950Death certificate for son Francisco Gamboa in Elsa, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named.

1956Death certificate of (possible) son Luis Gamboa in Alice, Jim Wells County, TX. Parents named.

1973Death certificate for daughter Santos Gamboa Garza in Edinburg, Hidalgo County, TX. Parents named.

1975Death certificate of daughter Antonia Gamboa Cavasos in Bishop, Nueces County, TX. Father named. Mother’s name crossed out and replaced with “unknown.”


Notes


1. No christening or marriage record has ever been found for Andres, and his death certificate does not name his parents. (The informant was his son-in-law, who likely would not have known the names of his parents.) However, since their surnames are the same, it stands to reason that Francisca married a close cousin. Her father, Enocencio, only had one brother, and that man was Luis Gamboa, who was married to Barbara Rodriguez. It is logical to conclude that Andres may have been their son, in the first place because they are the only likely candidates, in the second place because Andres was exactly the right age to fit neatly in the middle of their family group. Thirdly, and most significantly, it seems logical because he named his first son with Francisca “Luis” and their second daughter “Barbara,” both of which are common enough names, but in combination in this family seem to point clearly to Luis Gamboa and Barbara Rodriguez as the parents of Andres. Finally, both Enocencio and Luis eventually moved their families to Matamoros; so their children would have associated with each other both in childhood and adulthood, having every opportunity to become acquainted and decide to marry.

2. Luis Gamboa and Barbara Rodriguez were known to have lived for a time in San Fernando, after moving from Burgos and before moving to Matamoros. Their son Francisco was married there in 1871, and his marriage record describes him as a native of the town, born c. 1845. Also, a San Juana Gamboa lived there as late as 1930 with her husband, Candelario Medina, and her c. 1856 birth date was exactly right to be a child of Luis & Barbara. Her son Teodoro Medina died in Edinburg in Hidalgo County, Texas. He was a widower whose wife was named Francisca Gamboa and was possibly the daughter of Andres and Francisca. If Andres and San Juana were brother and sister, Teodoro and Francisca (the daughter) would have been first cousins. The probable birth year of Andres falls right between his two likely sibling who were both known to be from San Fernando; so in all likelihood, Andres was born there himself.

3. The fact that a man named Andres Gamboa had two children with Candelaria Hernandez is well supported by documents, but whether and how that Andres descends from the same family as Francisca & Andres cannot be proven (yet) with available documents. My speculation is that “my” Andres, who married Francisca, had a previous relationship with Candelaria Hernandez and that she bore him at least two children in the years just before the time that he began having children (out of wedlock) with Francisca. Possibly Candelaria died and Andres quickly re-partnered with his own cousin, who would have been a familiar and convenient choice.

Another detail that strengthens the case is that Francisca’s sister Yldefonsa had two children by a man named Crepin Hernandez and bore a daughter named Candelaria Hernandez , which strongly suggests a connection to the woman who married (an) Andres Gamboa and that that Hernandez family was closely associated with my Gamboa ancestors. The Candelaria who married Andres Gamboa could easily have been a sister or other close relation of Crispin Hernandez who married Francisca’s sister; so that there was a reasonable possibility that Andres would have known Francisca even before Candelaria died.

The main argument against this theory is that, if it was true, then Andres would have named two sons Luis. It was not at all unheard of to do so, but it was unusual. The fact that they were sons of different mothers makes it less unlikely, but it is a still a sign that further research is necessary before conclusions can safely be drawn.

4. At that time, because of the long distances to the nearest church and the genuine, life-threatening danger of travel in the Rio Grande Valley, couples on isolated ranches were often joined in a traditional community ceremony rather than an official religious or civil one. They were married in the eyes of their families and neighbors, but couples frequently got married later at a courthouse or by a traveling priest when the opportunity eventually presented itself, often many years after they began their relationship and started having children. Nonetheless, these common law unions were accepted and respected as true marriages, official or not. No marriage record has ever been found for Andres & Francisca, and the marriage record of the daughter Santos seems to indicate that she was their natural (out of wedlock) daughter. Even if that were the case, it is still possible that the couple married in a traditional manner and that they were considered by all to be spouses.

4. In the 1910s, there was a period of rampant violence against Mexican-Americans in the rural areas of Hidalgo County, particularly those who were well established. It was mainly at the hands of Texas Rangers, who were not official officers of the law at that time, but a racist vigilante militia, whose mission was to “protect” the Anglo newcomers in the county, as well as to push Hispanic people off their lands, which were coveted by wealthy Anglo ranchers. In 1915, Paulino Serda, husband of Santos Gamboa, was taken from his own home, along with his elderly father Donaciano Serda, and shot to death by a gang of Texas Rangers. Unable to manage on her own, Santos herded her cattle and drove them to her brother Francisco’s dairy, then moved to Edinburg to live. It is probably about that time that her parents, Andres & Francisca, moved to Edinburg themselves. Living on an isolated ranch, thier lives were also in danger.

5. Andres was not living in the household with Francisca in the 1910 census, and he cannot he be found at all in any household. Whether he just happened to be visiting elsewhere at that time or whether he and Francisca were separated are impossible to determine. Neither he nor Francisca were found in the 1920 census. (Many people known to be living in Hidalgo County, Texas in 1920 cannot be found at all in the census taken in that year, even in a careful, page by page search. Entire sections of the town of Edinburg seem to be missing; so it wasn’t a case of people in isolated rural areas going unnoticed. Given the recent murders of hundreds of Mexican-Americans in the county, which were never investigated and for which no one was ever punished, it seems possible that there was also a systematic effort to under count the Hispanic population.) However, by 1930, in his old age, he was back in her home and lived out his life there.

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Published on January 23, 2013 at 11:11 pm  Comments (1)  

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  1. Andres Gamboa had two wife’s one that he left in Mexico and the one that he started with my great-grand mother Francisca when he came to Texas and worker at La Comb Ranch where most all his children’s were born. I will mail you a letter later maybe it will our family some light. Always Francisco A. Gamboa ( Andres Gamboa was my great-grand father)


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